Optical Printer



(Note 1) In the moving mask composite shot that shows Godzilla’s legs close up, Sadao Iizuka, Sadamasa Arikawa, Hajime Tsuburaya, and Etsuko Shigeta, who later became Iizuka’s wife, also help with the rotoscoping work (*1)


(Note 2) For optical printers, the number of projectors is expressed in units called heads. Up to 4 heads can be added, but if there are more than 3 heads, the image quality will deteriorate due to the aberrations of the beam splitter (Toho called it a half mirror).


(Note 3) Optical printers are generally based on a 1:1 ratio. However, the Aerial Synthesizer uses a huge condenser lens to make it possible to cut masks in a greatly enlarged state and simultaneously shoot and composite cells (*6).


Aerial compositing machines are generally modified animation stands (line drawing stands), but the machine introduced in “Earth Defense Force” is a horizontal type that looks like a larger optical printer, and prints images using a beam splitter. It was possible to combine images from two projectors (*1)


An optical printer (*5) thought to have been used in “Godzilla.” Shuzaburo Araki, who was in charge of the operation, was the younger brother of Eiji Tsuburaya’s wife Masano, and during the war he worked as a documentary film cameraman, participating in the Sino-Japanese War for Rengo News and the Palembang attack for Nippon Eigasha (*2). After the war, he transferred to Toho Studio and became a special effects B cameraman, but also worked as an optical cameraman (from “Earth Defense Force”he became an optical cinematographer and worked exclusively on optical).

画像2 Image 2
上部マガジン upper magazine
フィルターホールダ filter holder
ランプハウス lamp house
レンズ lense
カメラ camera
フィルターオールロー filter all row
自動 automatic
T..マガジン T..magazine
フライホイール flywheel
ベッド head
カメラ..ハンドル camera..handle
カメラ用..ハンドル handle for camera
カメラ菌後認ハンドル Camera post-recognition handle
モーター motor